DIVERSION ACTION PLAN 2010-2011
Veronica Sanchez, MA, LPC
Director of Mental Health Services
Camino Real Mental Health Authority consists of a 9 county service area, which serves approximately 1300 adults and 240 children and adolescents monthly. Based on information gathered from September 1, 2008 – October 31, 2009, our database showed the following:
The general jail diversion action plan for the center is to coordinate with our local county judges, stakeholders and jail officials in the development and implementation of the following as guidelines for diverting individuals with mental illness and/or mental retardation from the criminal justice system who may be better served by the local MHMR or better served in a state mental health facility as well as to work in providing ongoing education and training of local law enforcement to further enhance their skills in working with individuals with mental illness.
A. Process for identifying high-risk consumers
Internally, the utilization of the uniform assessment, which assesses for criminal justice involvement, will be essential in the identification process. Persons with prior and current criminal justice involvement including prior incarceration and parole and/or probation will be targeted as high risk consumers and we will develop aggressive interventions to support their ability to remain in the community and make sure they are served in the right level of care. Currently, a specific question is incorporated into our Crisis Service Log, which is managed by our 24-hour Hot Line Call Service Center, which identifies whether or not the person is in jail. In addition, there is a specific entry on the Crisis Service Log to identify referral source, which has been useful in identifying individuals involved with the criminal justice system. Presently TCOOMMI has contracted with this center to provide Continuity of Care services to individuals released from prisons and the TYC. In fiscal year 2009, Camino Real received 30 referrals from TDC and 13 referrals from TYC. Continuity of Care Services were provided to individuals with FY2008 and 2009 release dates and of those individuals, 14 adults and 7 juveniles were opened for services at the clinic serving their county of residence. The process is clearly defined and referrals are received directly from TDCJ on inmates with mental illness who require outpatient mental health treatment upon release from prison and from TYC on youth with severe emotional disturbance who are being released to the community from that agency.
B. Process for Jail CARE Match
The Jail CARE Match process is occurring throughout the MHA service area. The CARE match is conducted immediately (within 72 hours) using the electronic batching process upon receipt of the jail census from local county jails and is used for purposes of identification of psychiatric history or involvement with MHMR. Once the list is received the MHA reports to the jail any CARE matches; however it is up to the jail to decide what they will do with the information or whether they will refer the inmate to Camino Real Community Services or to their jail's contract physician for assessment. During FY09 the center checked 17,551 inmates' names and 2016 matched in CARE, which is a 12% match in our service area (Table 1). Table 1 is data reported for FY09 and through October 31, 2009.
Fiscal Year 2009 and thru October 2009
Jail CARE Match Sept. 2008 – October 2009
Training on Mental Illness
Critical to a successful jail diversion system is training of involved parties. Camino Real Community Services has developed and implemented a plan to ensure jail and law enforcement employees are trained in the area of recognizing mental illness, recognizing high risk individuals, and suicide assessment. During 2009 our center has provided training to 15 law enforcement officers in the area of Mental Illness. Prior to 2009, the agency provided Crisis Intervention Training to an additional 58 law enforcement officials. Additional training will occur during Fiscal Year 2009 to continue the efforts in enhancing the knowledge of law enforcement in the area of mental illness. In the addition, the agency is committed to working with the Local County Sheriffs to encourage each to have at least one (1) in-house instructor trained to teach the Crisis Intervention Training Course to their peers.
Trainings provided to law enforcement are as follows:
During fiscal year 2010 the Mental Health Authority will offer training for law enforcement, the judicial system, hospitals and other stakeholders. The past trainings have been well received in terms of positive feedback from participants. Thus, the MHA will continue to coordinate a calendar of trainings in the area of mental health to increase opportunities for improving our relationships with law enforcement, educating law enforcement on jail diversion and available services, on accessing these services for detainees or other individuals they encounter who may possibly be experiencing symptoms of mental illness. The MHA will continue to report to the Board of Trustees the ongoing data related to TCOOMMI served consumers to further heighten awareness related to the numbers of persons with mental illness who are involved in the criminal justice system.
D. Process for receiving referrals from law-enforcement, juvenile probation & TYC
Camino Real Community Services receives referrals from local jails and detention facilities when inmates or detainees request screenings, when jailers have concerns regarding an inmate's mental health, or when individuals indicate that they need their psychiatric medication or inform staff that they are present consumers of MHMR. Inmates are also identified by jail medical staff through their intake screening and referred for assessment through the intake & booking process as well as during the ongoing monitoring of prisoners or detainees. The agency employs a continuity of care worker who handles all referrals from the state mental health hospitals, TCOOMMI, and TYC to ensure these referred individuals are handled as a priority and linked to services in their local community. Currently, Camino Real is serving 110 adults and 24 juveniles who are identified as being on probation or parole through the criminal justice system. As previously mentioned, in FY09 this Center received 30 TDC referrals and 13 referrals from TYC. So far in FY10, Camino Real has received 2 referrals from TDC and 3 juvenile referrals from TCOOMMI.
A mental health screening process is implemented at all local jails where all persons arrested and booked into local jails are asked a series of questions from a specific questionnaire, which assists in the identification of mental health problems and possible mental health risks. Presently, referrals are received from the local law enforcement offices as well as juvenile detention offices that have access to the 24-Hour Telephone Crisis Hotline for emergency situations as well as through their direct contact with the local mental health sites to schedule routine intake services in a non-crisis situation. The local Juvenile Probation Offices continue to use the MAYSI to assess juveniles who are detained at their facilities and refer those juveniles if the assessment indicates a mental health problem to be present. All offices are familiar with the 24 hour Crisis Hotline and for crisis services a face-to-face crisis assessment is generally conducted at the local juvenile detention facilities or boot camp to minimize problems associated with transporting these youth. As part of the Juvenile Probation Plan the facility will implement a level of care needed to maintain the youth's safety; however, if the MHA recommends inpatient hospitalization immediate action is taken to get the youth into an inpatient psychiatric facility.
Routine intake services on the other hand are accessed through the normal process by contacting the local mental health site in their area. Local mental health authority staff holds meetings with adult and juvenile probation/parole departments as well as local sheriff's offices to update them on available services through the LMHA. In addition, local MHA staff has worked and will continue to work in conjunction with the local Sheriffs' Office to maintain the established process for cross-referencing detainee information against the state-wide database for MHMR (CARE System). The majority of sheriffs' offices are cooperating with the JAIL CARE Match requirement.
E. Process for diverting persons from Law Enforcement
Pre-booking and Post-booking Strategies
Diversion and treatment should be dependent on the severity of the offense and diagnosis. Camino Real Community Services will work with judges and local law enforcement officials to refer non-violent misdemeanor offenders who may have mental illness to assess whether the individual may need to be transferred to an inpatient facility because they pose a danger to self or others. Law enforcement officials will be asked to refer potential consumers to the local mental health clinic for routine intake services, medication related services, and/or case coordination. It is possible that Crisis Respite can be provided in lieu of incarceration and the person can be referred to the local residential facility that is available in the Camino Real MHMR service area. In addition, the center will work with Jail Administrators in identifying a safe cell that jails can place individuals during their wait for mental health intervention. The cell is separate from the general population and is secured as well as monitored. During the first half of FY09, from September 2008- April 2009 when statistics were available, Camino Real staff were called out to local jails to do face to face assessments on 51 inmates. Of those assessed, 20 were diverted to either state or private psychiatric hospitals.
Identification of Mental Health Services to be provided
For Incarcerated Individuals
Post Booking Strategy for Violent Felony Offenders
As a Post Booking Strategy for violent felony/misdemeanor offenders with charges not dropped, an assessment can be provided to properly divert these individuals through a referral to the local clinic for treatment and stabilization of their symptoms and through the use of a safety plan enforced by the jail. When warranted, the center can facilitate a referral to a state mental health facility for acute inpatient treatment or for a Criminal Commitment.
Identification of Capacity
Currently Camino Real Community Services serves approximately 23 adult persons and 9 juveniles on a monthly basis who have been identified as having involvement with criminal justice. Though the center is at capacity we continue to serve offenders with mental illness through crisis intervention services in order to maximize the success of these individuals in securing proper treatment and remaining in the community. In addition this facilitates the center in maintaining a positive working relationship with our local jails and county officials.
F. Jail and Detention Diversion Planning and Evaluation Committee
The center has an established Jail Diversion Task Force Committee consisting of the following members:
Plan and Process for Ongoing Collaboration
It is the intent of Camino Real MHMR to hold Jail Diversion Action Committee meetings at least once each fiscal year. During FY2010 the following tasks will continue as goals:
Resource Allocations Associated with Jail & Detention Diversion Strategies
Camino Real Community Services continues to work within the allocated General Revenue Resources to serve individuals involved with the criminal justice system. In addition the MHA engaged in a $39,786 one-year contract with TCOOMMI which will help cover costs for continuity services related to serving special needs offenders released to our local service areas. The crisis hotline at this time operates at a cost of $43,000 per year and is accessible to all communities including Criminal Justice Personnel. The local mental health authority (MHA) is committed to providing training to the various counties at no cost to the community using experts from this agency or other agencies with experience in mental health. The training provided fiscal year 2009 cost approximately $2400. In addition, the cost to continue holding Jail Diversion Action Planning meetings is approximately $1500 per year when considering the costs of the expenses for all stakeholders involved.
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